Dishwasher features and functions

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Modern dishwasher features are very comprehensive to users. Some things are very much inevitable in our little life, such, eating, bathing, toileting, etc. For those inevitable daily works, we regularly take the help of various things and technologies. These are used as part of life. The dishwasher is also such one.

Every day we take our meal by using various utensils. As plates, glasses, mug, cutlery, etc. As we use these elements daily subsequently we have to clean them regularly.

Such way the dishwasher becomes an inevitable daily using technology for us. This friendly machine completes a wash cycle by plumbing system, required temperature (55 to 75-degree centigrade / 130 to 170 degree Fahrenheit), detergents, hot water, and heating elements, etc,

Dishwasher features and functions

Dishwashers Features

Modern dishwashers included with a lot of features and functions. Drawer dishwashers allow you to use each drawer separately. These started by Fisher & Paykel from 1997. North American dishwashers’ inside are assembled by stainless steel.

These are sound decreasing, hard water resister and quick drying. Some dishwasher has a hard food disposal unit. Present day’s many dishwashers are microprocessor-controlled. Sensor-controlled washing depends on the number of dirty dishes.

These save both time and energy. Microprocessor controlled dishwasher doesn’t need to have a presser switch. When it understands that there is no vacuum then it feels that there is water in it. Then the detergent door is opened during the washing period.

European dishwashers are generally assembled with two / three spray arms to reach water in every rack and they don’t use open heating elements. Because they may harm the plastic body. Both European and North American dishwashers there are many spray arms to make washing very great.

There is a remarkable feature that is the child-lockout feature. It prevents unwanted starting or stopping of dishwashers in midway by the children by their childish attempts. The running dishwashers are risky for the children. Because there are hot water and detergent are scattered during the washing period.

There is an advisable matter that the dishwasher should not be emptied before completing its entire job by the controlling system.

Wash cycles

Three basic wash cycles are light normal and heavy but the modern dishwashers with specialized wash cycles like a quick wash, half load, only rinse, delighte, power wash, pot, and pans, sanitize, etc.
Delighte washes for delighte utensils utensils loading to delegate wash program. The cycle washes utensils with low temperatures and provides a gentle wash.

You can only rinse your dishes with rinse the only option. It is not a full wash program this program using only water without detergent to rinse dirty dishes it can not clean soil from dishes but prevent setting soils and bad odor. It is useful to prewash fewer dishes next to operate a full wash program with a full load.

Quick wash cycle

Quick wash quicker in time, every phase of this cycle is shorter. This cycle uses hot and pressurized water to clean dishware and time takes 20 to 30 minutes.

Pot and pans wash cycle

This is the longest and heavy wash cycle to remove backed and heavily soiled dishes. You can wash your pre-washed or dirty pan and pots after removing solid food particles. Make sure all pot and pan are dishware safe before loading to the dishwasher.

Sanitize wash cycle

This is a high temperature was cycle compared to the standard cycle, the water used in this cycle is 140 ℉ – 150 ℉ whereas normal cycle use 120. The cycle kill 99 % of bacteria from dishes so you will get almost germ free dishes

Adjustable rack

An adjustable rack option makes a dishwasher very convenient for the user. Sometimes we need to wash different sizes pots or pans then we can up or down the rack is adjustable.
the third rack option mainly used to wash small items like coffee cups, spoon, fork, knives it is up to 14 places setting capacity. you can also use that to wash large utensils.

Half load function

This feature makes the device economy. This cycle uses one spray arm for only the top or bottom chamber. This cycle is shorter in time length and uses less energy. If you have fewer dishes to wash this cycle is perfect for that time.

Soil sensor

Soil sensor is an intelligent addition of modern dishwashers. This sensor can measure how dirty your dishes are, and use the exact amount of water and time to wash your dishes. So this cycle reduces to use extra water and times and makes the device energy efficient.

Aqua stop

Aqua stop feature prevents flooding your floor. A sensor can be detected if there any leakage of water then it automatically stops water supply and machine, the drain pump drains out the remaining water from the dishwasher tub.

Delay start feature

This feature let you start your device later, the machine will start at the time previously set time by you. You can set the time for 1 to 24 hours later when you will not at home or sleeping. Sometimes you would like this option considering electricity bill rate that is lower at night.

Plate warmer feature

By this option, you can warm your dishes at the right temperature to keep your food perfect temperature. The cold plate can make cool your food quickly, this option makes dishes completely dry and warm.

Stainless-steel tub

Dishwasher tubs made with stainless steel that are stronger than plastic tubs and these tubs are lasting long. This kind of tub is essential for some specific features or cycle like power wash. That’s is more silent than the dishwasher of the plastic tub.

Noise level

Like all kinds of technological devices dishwashers are also gradually being improved. Modern dishwashers are uplifted with sound sucking materials. Specially which dishwashers are being prepared now-a-days are under the level of the 39 decibels of sound.

Previously which were of 65-70 decibels sound level.
The noise level of a dishwasher indicates how quiet that is. Noise level measured in decibels (dBA). The average value of noise is 50 dBA so the level 50 dBA or less mean quite a dishwasher and above 50 dBA noise level mean loud dishwasher. So you should choice below 50 decibels dishwasher.

Spray arm technology

Normally a dishwasher has two spray arm located at bottom of the upper and lower rack. The water pump gives water flow into spray arms like a garden sparkling system. New some dishwasher has a third spray arm at the roof of dishwashers specially designed for cutlery tray that gives rise to cleaning performance

Loading Capacity

Generally, dishwashers are manufactured according to common sizes of the utensils. It should be ensured about the size before buying a dishwasher that would be matched. The dishwashers of commercial purposes are generally large in size.

Water source

The dishwashers who are plumbed into hot water are very efficient in their job. A dishwasher can be plumbed into hot or cold water according to the instructions of the manufacturer. The dishwashers plumbed into hot water comparatively better in performance.


The dishwasher has two different sizes in Europe and America most. Generally, the width and depth are 60 cm and 86 cm in Europe. Portable dishwasher is 45 and 60 cm. In America, the width and depth are 24 and 34 inches. Portable dishwashers are 18 and 24 inches. The portable dishwashers are easy to move from one place. There has a standard size in the tub also.


Detergent is one of the important components of the dishwasher. The detergents which are used in dishwashers are the combination of some chemical elements. Such as Phosphates, Enzymes, Alkaline salts, Sodium, Silicate, etc.

The chemical elements have individual fields to work. Such Phosphates to resist the problem of hard water.
Alkaline salt is used to decrease grease; Enzyme is used to dissolve protein oriented food deposits, oily elements fatty deposits/substance.

The phosphate used in detergent is mostly complex Phosphate. It causes to increase in an algal bloom in its passing way. Sodium silicate takes care of dishwasher components. Oxygen based bleaching works against organic deposits. Now-a- days they are more environmentally friendly than older ones.

The detergent frequently used as hand-washing is not suitable for the machine. It may make more foams and bubbles what can be leaked and saturate the surrounding of the machine.

The salt used in dish dishwasher

The salt used in the dishwasher is not the same as cooking salt. It keeps water free from calcium and magnesium. This salt is free of ant caking elements helpful for keeping magnesium in the water. Detergent and salt are kept in separate compartments in the dishwashers in which dishwasher’s water-softener is built-in.

dishwasher features

Usually, the salt compartment is kept under the bottom basket. Required separation between detergent and salt should be ensured. Otherwise, it may harm water-softener In which dishwashers water- softener are not built in, they required different kinds of detergent which contains a high level of phosphate and they are available in the market for those dishwashers not having water-softener built-in.

Process of washing


Rinsing resists spotting of droplet especially on glassware’s and after rinse utensils are dried within a short time.


To reduce burn risk, save energy and water and secure plastic items most home dishwashers use the temperature at 75 °C instead of 83 °C. This temperature is used for sanitization in most dishwashers.

According to upgraded detergent 50°C-55 °C, are necessary for the sake of keeping safe enzyme, one of the important elements of dishwasher detergent, work against oil, fat, and deposits of protein food. In the USA, NSF international certifies on cleaning and sanitation and in the UK, British Standards Institute set dishwasher’s standard.

Drying utensil

Dishwasher dries it’s inside elements by heating. Before it, a hot rinse is done. Hot rinse improves drying. Some dishwashers have a fan to improve this job. There is an indicator to show the end of drying. To save energy drying can be completed by air.

Caution – Hazing of glassware


If there is a shortage of salt in dishwasher subsequently the limescale deposits are visible especially on the glassware which can be cleaned by using vinegar, lemon juice, and limescale removal. To finish the problem the dishwasher to be recharged with salt.


The detergent of dishwashers are formed by some chemical components, one of them is Alkaline. This Alkaline causes iridescence. Silicate works against it. It used as anti-metal-corrosion also.


The dishwasher detergent is formed by multiple components. They can change the characteristics of glassware. Even the glassware can be turned into cloudy by the effects of those chemicals.

Alert about some more items!

Lead-crystal is highly affected in dishwasher detergent. So the utensils made of lead-crystal are should be shown disinterest in dishwasher. These may harm health if those are washed in dishwasher. Lead crystallized elements will be cloudy soon.

Some items can lose their colors, Such as Aluminum. Detergent plays a negative role in glaze and print. In the account of heat the real silver will oxide. The dirt of wax, cigarette and other such things can be mixed with things in the dishwasher.

If there is something’s where glue is used in the time of manufacturing, those can be impaired for heat even can be melted and disjointed. Because in such cycle temperatures can reach 75°C. Plastics items also can’t tolerate such high temperatures.

It is mostly suitable for plates, cups, mugs cutlery, etc. The things which can contaminate other things should be washed by hand instead of dishwasher. Such a paintbrush.

Assessment with washing by hand

The comparison between dishwasher and hand washing is actually the comparison between hand power and machine power. Hand washing may be very efficient or less efficient. It is dependent on individual performance. The difference exists in the quantity of energy and water.

The dishwasher is clearly ahead in washing item quantity. Comparatively, dishwasher saves water, time and labor.

Dishwashers of commercial purposes

There are many differences between commercial and residential dishwashers. The commercial dishwasher takes less time in the drying process.

Commercial dishwasher completes sanitation by using temperature at 82°C. Commercial dishwashers may vary by their counter, conveyor and tank and others. Plumbing system is distinctly different than the home one. Washing and rinsing spray arms are separate here.

The commercial dishwasher needs a lot of water. Building water supply links generally used in such kinds of dishwashers. In the UK and USA have standards for dishwashers. In such dishwashers, additional soap is used to ensure the cleaning of washing water to the main tank.

The inside story of the dishwasher

The page of the history of dishwasher started writing from 1830, Joel Houghton first brought a patent of hand-powered wooden dishwasher machine. Almost the same another one was found in 1865 by L.A. Alexander. Those two couldn’t attract the mass.

In 1887 another one, invented by Josephine Cochrane get popularity though it was also hand-powered. In 1893 it was shown in the world fair held in Chicago. Later in 1924, a suitable and modest design of the dishwasher was brought out in England.

It was small in size. The model invented by Willam Howard Livens was featured as a modern one. It had a front door, a separate rack for unclean utensils and rotating spray arms. A heating element also added later.

But It was not accepted well commercially. Dishwasher was sold extensively after the second world war. By the time dishwashers of many sizes, designs, and facilities come out in the market. From the last part of the twenty century, people are using dishwashers extensively. In America and Germany, it became very popular.

Final word

The dishwasher is a great working assistant in our daily life. Even though it can be done a vital job in the kitchen it has rotating parts inside, we should take care of this and use the machine carefully to get the maximum benefit from it’s and all features functional.

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